John Struhm

John Struhm

by Michael A. Spaulding

John Struhm was born on 22 May 1843 in Rockland Twp., Berks Co., PA. He still lived in Rockland Twp., in 1860, at which time he was listed in the census with his father.

He enlisted for service in the Civil War on 15 Aug 1862 as a private in Co. H, 128th Pennsylvania Volunteers and served until 19 May 1863, having fought in both the Battle of Antietam and the Battle of Chancellorsville. According to his pension application, “that, while in the line of duty and in action at Antietam, MD, he received a gunshot wound of his right leg near the ankel [sic], said wound was dressed on the field by some surgeon whose name I do not remember. Was not in any hospital.”

Later, he reenlisted in Co. F, 3rd Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry on 19 Aug 1864 and served until the end of the war, being mustered out on 27 May 1865. While in this unit, he served at Petersburg, Five Forks, and Appomattox.

Following his Civil War service, John lived in Allentown, PA, but he returned home to Berks Co. to marry his sweetheart, Elisabeth “Lisetta” Strauss on 18 Jun 1868 Lisetta was born on 21 Sep 1843 and died on 22 May 1916.

He moved to Waverly, NY before 1874, and lived in in Barton, Tioga Co., NY, where he was a railroad laborer in 1880. He moved back to Pennsylvania before 1900, when he lived in South Waverly, Bradford Co., PA, and worked as a railroad car inspector. By 1905, he had moved a few miles to Sayre, Bradford Co., PA , but then moved to Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne Co., PA before 1914. He returned to Sayre, PA, where he died on 7 Aug 1916 at the age of 73. He was buried in Tioga Point Cemetery, Athens, Bradford Co., PA.

Children (7 daughters and 1 son who had no children):

  1. Victora S. “Dora” Struhm, (B. 1869, Pennsylvania; D. 1922, Sayre, Bradford Co., PA( She M1. Erwin Keene. She M2. Harvey E. Bruster)
  2. Meclata H. Struhm (B. 1871; D. 1877 )

iii. Anna E. Struhm (B. 1873; D. 1877)

  1. Charles A. Struhm (B. 1875, Pennsylvania; D. 1913 Danville, PA)
  2. Elisabeth Mae Struhm (B. 1878, New York; D. 1946, Sayre, PA. She M. Edward Frederick Seibel).
  3. Adelaide Gertrude Struhm, (B. 29 Jul 1880, Waverly, NY; D. 22 Feb 1978, Newport News, VA. She M. 14 Jun 1905, Elmira, NY-Willard William Spaulding)

vii. Flora Agatha Struhm (B. 1883, Pennsylvania; D. 1947, Wyandotte, MI. She M. Frederick Carver Day)

viii. Bertha Faye Struhm (B. 1886, South Waverly, PA; D. 1969, Springville, Susquehanna Co., PA. She M. James Alfred Bagley)


Jacob W. Mease

Jacob W. Mease

by Michael A. Spaulding

Jacob W. Mease, son of Philip and Sarah (____) Mease or Miess was born 19 Mar 1845 in Pennsylvania, and died 6 Nov 1910, in Bismarck (now Quentin), Lebanon Co., PA. He married Sarah A. Hartman on 4 Mar 1866 at the Moravian Church in Lebanon, Lebanon Co., PA, by the Rev. William L. Lennart. Sarah was the daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Stoner) Hartman.

Mease’s ancestry is obscure and evidently not prominent, but he lived in the Pennsylvania German area of Lebanon County. Jacob’s birth date is taken from his death certificate. However, his pension application states that he was born “on or about 2 Mar 1845.”

On 10 Oct 1862, he volunteered for service in Company E, 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry in the Civil War. He was only 17 years old and had to lie about his age to enlist. On 5 Apr 1863, he was severely injured when he fell with his horse, but he returned to duty by 10 Apr. He fought at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and is listed on the Pennsylvania Monument there. Later, he served in the Shenandoah Valley campaign under General Philip Sheridan and was wounded in the back above the right hip during a retreat at the Battle of Opequon Creek, near Winchester, Virginia. The bullet entered his back, near his spine, and lodged in his right leg, where it remained all his life. He was sent to McClellan General Hospital, Philadelphia. He was discharged from the hospital in November, and returned to active duty. After the end of the war, he was retained in service in the 2nd Regiment, Provisional Cavalry, and was mustered out at Louisville, KY, 7 Aug 1865. Jacob was awarded a pension for his service and injury, and after his death his wife Sarah received a pension as well. One of the witnesses for his pension application was Henry P. Moyer, author of the Regimental History. He lived in Lebanon Co., PA his entire life. In 1870 he was a miner. In 1880 was a day laborer and worked on the railroads. In 1893, he was a blacksmith and laborer. As he aged, his war wound rendered him partially lame and made it difficult for him to work more than half a day at a time. Also, by the age of 54 he had lost all of his teeth. Jacob was buried under the Indigent Soldiers Burial Act with his wife Sarah in Quentin Cemetery, Quentin, Lebanon Co., PA.


  1. John Henry (B. 1866)
  2. Christie Ann Mease (B. 29 Nov 1868, Lebanon Co., PA; D. 11 May 1958, Lebanon, PA. She M. 28 Jun 1888, Lebanon, Lebanon Co., PA-John Wesley Field, (He B. 26 Apr 1868, PA; D. 20 May 1936, Lebanon, PA).)

iii. Clayton Ambrose (B. 1882, Quentin, PA; D 1966, Lebanon, PA. He M. Daisy Wise, (She B. 1882; D. 1930).)

source: primary records as recorded in an unpublished manuscript called “Spaulding Family Ancestors in The 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry During the Civil War,” by Michael Spaulding, Dayton, OH, 2011.Ja

William Wolcott

William Reed Wolcott

by Michael A. Spaulding

William Reed Wolcott was son of Elijah and Elizabeth (Park) Wolcott, and grandson of Silas Wolcott, a soldier in the Revolutionary War who had wintered at Valley Forge with Gen. George Washington. William was born 24 Apr 1821, 13 years before Silas died, and probably heard stories of the Revolution from his grandfather. William married Asenath Hotchkiss, daughter of Nathaniel and Esther (Davidson) Hotchkiss, in North Rome, Bradford Co., PA on 5 Jul 1844. William died at the age of 55 on 30 May 1876, in Litchfield, Bradford Co., PA.

The Wolcotts were a prominent colonial family—one distant relative of William’s signed the Declaration of Independence. William, however, was not particularly prominent, just a hard-working farmer and timber cutter. Each spring, he would build a raft and float logs down the Susquehanna River to Williamsport. He enjoyed square dancing and held dances in his own house, where he taught local children to dance. He enlisted in Co. D, 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry, 19 Sep 1862, at the age of 41. While in the army, he was injured when he was thrown from a horse and it fell on him, causing a permanent disability. According to one witness who supported the pension application of his widow, after the injury he “was a good soldier as far as his disabilities allowed, but was very much favored by the officers and comrades when it was possible to do so. The injury of which he complained was of the right shoulder, arm, and side, [so] he was never required to perform sword exercise, nor much fatigue duty on account of it.” He was mustered out on 16 Jun 1865. After the war, his arm and shoulder were numb and useless, and he was unable to do manual labor or, at times, even feed himself. In 1870, he was listed in the census of Litchfield Twp., Bradford Co., PA as a farmer with property valued at $2000. By the time of his death, his arm was horribly swollen and he could not move it or have it moved without screaming. He is buried in Hadlock Cemetery, Bradford Co., PA.

William and Asenath had eleven children, 3 of whom died before their fourth birthday.

  1. Emmeline Caroline (B. 1845. She M. William M. Conrad.)
  2. Alice Amantha (B. 1849; D. 1919. She M. Christian P. Merrill.)

iii. Elijah (B. 1851; D. 1853)

  1. Neil Wayne (B. 1853. He M. Martha Lamont.)
  2. Monisal J. (B. 1855; D. 1859)
  3. Walter G. (B. 1857; D. 1859)

vii. Addie Celinda Wolcott (B. 28 Aug 1859, Rome, PA; D. 20 Nov 1907, Athens, PA. She M. 11 Sep 1882-Charles Adelbert Spaulding, (He B. 27 Feb 1856, Danby, NY; D. 22 Jul 1936, Binghamton, NY).)

viii. Putnam Beauregard (B. 1861; D. 1924. He M1. Eva B. Stedge. He M2. Sarah Hand.)

  1. Elizabeth W. (B. 1866; D. 1945. She M. Perry Milton Pitcher.)
  2. Maria C. (B. 1870. She M. Randolph H. Benson.)
  3. Mervin Thompson (B. 1875; D. 1941. He M. Leafy Griffen Beach.)

source: primary records as recorded in an unpublished manuscript called “Spaulding Family Ancestors in The 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry During the Civil War,” by Michael Spaulding, Dayton, OH, 2011.


I am excited to take this site in a new direction.  I’m a member of the Sons of the Union Veterans of the Civil War. I belong to the Major General William Tecumseh Sherman Camp #93.  We’re in Dayton, Ohio, so it stands to reason, we’re named after Sherman, probably the most important general on the Union side.   As I’m sure you’ve surmised, I’m very proud of my Civil War ancestor Cpl. John N. Weeks.  Having said that, my brothers in the SUV are just as proud of their ancestors.  Therefore, I’m going to use this site as an opportunity to allow my brothers to write about their ancestors.

Along the way, I’ll learn about their stories, and I hope you’ll learn from their stories too.  Please know that these men are Civil War historians in their own right. Tonight is the beginning of what I hope is a long string of Civil War history for any readers in the form of personal stories about family members and later articles about different aspects of the Civil War.  In other words, I want to help educate people.   I’m a high school history teacher and I’m all about education.  I’m looking to my brothers to help me educate readers about this seminal moment in American history, the Civil War.  Let’s get started with an article from my brother, Mike Spaulding.  Mike is the genealogist and historian of our SUV camp, so don’t be surprised by the documentation he’s submitted.  Enjoy his story.

Site Dedication to Cpl. John N. Weeks, Co. H, 3rd Battalion, Pioneer Brigade

JN WeeksJohn Weeks Civil War

I have dedicated this site to Cpl. John N. Weeks.  Here is a biography of him that I wrote to honor his service to his country and the preservation of the Union.  

John Noble Weeks, my great, great grandfather, was born on October 22, 1836 in Warren, Ohio.  His father was William Henry Weeks who was a master builder. He trained John as a carpenter.  His mother was Frances Noble.  He married Emeline Kinney in 1860 and they had several children including Charles in 1862, my great grandfather. Charles’s daughter, Lora, was my grandmother. Her son, Charles L. Flickinger, is my father. 

John joined the Union army on August 11, 1862.  He was assigned to the 19th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company C.  On November 2, 1862 he was assigned to detached duty with the Pioneer Corps in Company H, 3rd Battalion, due to his skill as a carpenter and he was promoted to corporal. At the Battle of Stones River, on January 1, 1863, after Company H was thrown out late on December 31st as skirmishers and pickets following hard fighting, he was wounded in the left arm and left leg.  He was sent to the military hospital in Chattanooga, Tennessee where he contracted typhoid fever.  After he recovered he was honorably discharged and immediately reenlisted in the 1st Veteran Volunteer Engineers, in June 1864, in which he served until September 25, 1865 when he was mustered out at the end of the war. 

He joined the Grand Army of the Republic, a veterans’ organization.  He was a member until his death on June 13, 1917, at Cleveland in a veterans’ hospital. The picture you see of John is his official G.A.R. portrait in his uniform.  It was probably taken in the late 1890s.  Next to that picture is one of John in his uniform.  This was a picture probably taken in 1864 after he returned to duty after recovering from his wounds and a bout of typhoid fever.  I say that because he doesn’t have Cpl. stripes on his uniform.  John reenlisted in the 1st Veteran Volunteer Engineers as a private and finished the war in that unit. He was promoted to Sgt. just before being discharged. I am a member of the Sons of the Union Veterans of the Civil War, the only legal descendant organization of the G.A.R.

 An interesting sidelight is that the G.A.R. was instrumental in establishing the Ohio Soldiers and Sailors Orphans home in Xenia, Ohio in 1869 for the orphans of Civil War veterans.  My grandfather, Marion Flickinger, was gassed and injured in World War I.  In 1934, my grandmother Lora died.  My grandfather put his children into the O.S.S.O Home, one of them being my father, Charles, who was born in 1929.  My father lived at the orphanage until 1947 when he turned eighteen and was sent out of the orphanage, a day my dad often said was the worst of his life.  While in the orphanage, my dad gained an education, learned a skill, learned discipline in a military atmosphere, became the Captain of the Cadets, following in his brother’s footsteps, and was able to make a good life for him and his family.  He joined the Navy and was in during the Korea War.  He was my hero.  The O.S.S.O. home was a godsend for my father and many children over the years.   What an amazing coincidence that my dad’s own great grandfather had a hand in bringing about the home that housed, fed, cared for, and educated his own great grandchildren.  In short, a great legacy for John N. Weeks.  

The Pioneer Brigade at Stones River

There has already been a good amount written about the Battle of Stones River, however, the amount pales in comparison to other battles such as Gettysburg and Antietam. As I explained in my first post, I have a personal connection to the battle in that my great-great grandfather was wounded there while fighting with the Pioneer Brigade.  I think one of the least known aspects of the battle was the crucial part played in it by the Pioneer Brigade. General William S. Rosecrans, facing defeat on December 31st, as his right had been rolled-up by Bragg’s forces, was forced to pull the Pioneers away from their engineering duties and put them into the line. This was either a move born of desperation or a leap of faith, or quite possibly both.  However, the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions of the Pioneers performed bravely in support of the Chicago Board of Trade Battery as they repelled no less than four Confederate charges by several brigades of Texans, who were veteran fighters.  As for the Pioneers, many were “seeing the elephant” for the first time.  As for the C.B. of T. battery, they had just arrived on December 25 and had spent eight hours a day training for battle.  Before the battle the Pioneers had strengthened a ford and built a bridge.  To end this post, I’ll let General Rosecrans speak for himself on the role and success of Pioneers in the Union victory after nearly two bitters years marked mostly by defeat, disorganization, and poor leadership.

After-Action Report, Battle of Stones River

“Among the lesser commands which deserve special mention for distinguished services in the battle the Pioneer Corps, a body of 1,700 men, composed of details from the companies of each infantry regiment, organized and instructed by Capt. James St. Clair Morton, Corps of Engineers, chief engineer of this army, which marched as an infantry brigade with the left wing, making bridges at Stewart’s Creek; prepared and guarded the ford at Stone’s River on the night of the 29th and 30th; supported Stokes’ battery, and fought with valor and determination on the 31st, holding its position till relieved on the morning of the 2d; advancing with the greatest promptitude and gallantry to support Van Cleve’s division against the attack on our left on the evening of the same day, constructing a bridge and batteries between that time and Saturday evening.  The efficiency and espirit du corps suddenly developed in this command, its gallant behavior in action, and the eminent services it is continually rendering the army, entitle both officers and men to special public notice and thanks, while they reflect the highest credit on the distinguished ability and capacity of Captain Morton, who will do honor to his promotion to a brigadier-general, which the President has promised him.”


Major General William Rosecrans, Commanding, Army of the Cumberland, U.S.A.


What is “Generations That Know Us Not?”

The title of this blog site “Generations That Know Us Not” comes from a poem by General Joshua Chamberlain of the 20th Maine.  He was the hero of Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg. He won the Medal of Honor for his actions and bravery during the battle to hold that vital flank of the Union army.  I think it can be said, without Chamberlin and the 20th Maine, the Union very well could have lost Gettysburg and probably the war.

I’ll take it as my mission to write about the Civil War, with a particular emphasis on Ohioans in the war, and help you get to know the men and women of that generation. I am a high school history teacher, a native Ohioan, a veteran of the Vietnam conflict, and a member of the Sons of the Union Veterans of the Civil War.  This site is dedicated to my great-great grandfather, Corporal John N. Weeks, Company H, 3rd Battalion, Pioneer Brigade, Army of the Cumberland.  He was twice wounded at the Battle of Stones River on January 1, 1863. I’ll write more about him soon and I’ll try to give readers a good idea of the ferocity and strategic importance of this battle.

I want to focus mainly on Ohioans because as a native Ohioan, I’m very proud that my native state furnished about 320,000 soldiers to the war.  Proportionally, more than any other state.  In raw numbers, only New York and Pennsylvania gave more soldiers to the Union cause than Ohio.  Of course, the generals that were Ohioans were the top generals on the Union side.  Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan need no introduction to those knowledgeable about the Civil War.

The Civil War is one of two monumental events in the history of our country.  I’m a member of the Sons of the American Revolution and I’m proud of my patriot ancestor Joseph Flickinger, of the Lancaster, Pennsylvania Militia.  The Revolution was the seminal event of our country, but the Civil War preserved the Union that the Founding Generation gave birth to.

I hope you hang around to read my posts.  I’ll promise to be historically correct and to always, always, tell a story.